l8 MY COUNTRY AND MY PEOPLE hot enough to eat until they have fried it in oil, while the Hunan people, noted for their soldiery and their dogged persistence, offer a pleasanter variety of these descendants of the ancient Ch'u warriors. Movements of trade and the imperial rule of sending scholars to official posts outside their native provinces l have brought about some mixture of the peoples and have smoothed out these provincial differences, but as a whole they continue to exist. For the significant fact remains that the northerner is essentially a conqueror and the southerner is essentially a trader, and that of all the imperial brigands who have founded Chinese dynasties, none have come from south of the Yangtse. The tradition developed that no rice-eating southerners could mount the dragon throne, and only noodle-eating northerners could. In fact, with the exception of the founders of the T'ang and Ghou Dynasties, who emerged from north-east Kansu and were therefore Turkish-suspect, all the founders of the great dynasties have come from a rather restricted mountainous area, somewhere around the Lunghai Railway, which includes eastern Honan, southern Hopei, western Shantung and northern Anhui. It should not be difficult to determine the mileage of the radius within which imperial babies were born with a point on the Lunghai Railway as the centre of the area. The founder of the Han Dynasty came from Peihsien in modern Hsuchow, that of the Ch'in Dynasty came from Honan, that of the Sung Dynasty came from Ghohsien in southern Hopei, and Chu Hungwu of the Ming Dynasty came from Fengyang in Honan* To this day, with the exception of Chiang Kaishek of Ghekiang whose family history has not been made public, the generals for the most part come from Hopei, Shantung, Anhui and Honan, also with the Lunghai Railway as the central point. Shantung is responsible for Wu P'eifu, Chang Tsung- ch'ang, Sun Ch'uanfang and Lu Yunghsiang. Hopei gives us Ch'i Hstiehytian, Li Chinglin, Chang Chihchiang and Lu Ghunglin. Honan produced Ytian Shihk'ai and Anhui pro- duced Feng Yuhsiang and Tuan Ch'ijui. Kiangsu has pro- duced no great generals, but has given us some very fine hotel * Often the families of these officials settle down in their new homes.